Discovering Khamseh and Bakhtiari nomads - 14 Days


Khamseh nomads:

The tribes and nomads of Persia are defined and identified in 3 tribes:

1- Khamseh tribes 2- Qashqai Turkic tribe 3- Kohkiluyeh tribe

The nomads of Khamseh tribes consist of 5 tribes which include 1- Arab tribe 2- Basri tribe (Persian language) 3- Baharloo tribe (Turkish language) 4- Inanlu tribe (Turkish language) 5- Nufar tribe (Turkish language).

In 1275 AH, Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar in the Persian province organized the Khamseh tribes led by the Arab tribe.

The Khamseh Arab tribes:

The Arab tribe of Khamseh Fars tribes is composed of the Arab tribes of Jabbar and Arab Sheibani.

Jabbar Arab tribe:

The Arab people consider Jabbar to be a descendant of a person named Sheikh Jinnah, a descendant of Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari. This person probably entered Iran long after the establishment of the Sheibani Arabs in the early days of the Safavid government and settled in the Persian region and joined the Sheibani tribe.

Tribes organized by the Arab tribe of Jabbar according to the book of Persian nomads written by J. Demourini, a French jurist in 1913:

Al-Saadi clan, Abu al-Ghani, Pira-e-Islami, Sadat Hosseini, Shiri, Abu al-Mohammadi, Borbour, Bohloli, Jabri, Hanai, Qarizi, Orbaz, Bezsorkhi, Tati, Jahaki, Saghari, Qarqashti, Darban , Shahsoon, Isaei, Ghanbari, Naqdali, Abu Sharaf (Labusharf), Darazi, Shabani Vol.

Supplement to the tribes of Jabbar tribe, quoting from the book of events of the five Khamseh tribes:

Kuchi tribe – Azizi – Labarduni – Sadat Atashi – Sadat Al Ali – Sadat Mousavi – Shahsavari – Chahar Benicheh – Labuhosseini

Arab Sheibani tribe:

Dr. Sirus Parham writes that the history of the Arab tribe of Persia (Jabbar and Sheibani Arab tribe) is more or less clear from the Safavid era. In 1298 AH, the rule of the Arab tribes outside the Arab family and against the policy of the Qajar government, which sold cities and villages and commanded the tribes to wealthy and influential families, the rule of the Arab tribes fell to the Qavami family. It should be noted that until 1307, the Iranian army and military forces were supplied by tribes and nomads, and this increased the attention of Iranian rulers to the control of nomads.

According to the history of Iran and the beginning of Islam, the Sheibani clan (led by Muthanna Ibn Haritha Sheibani) and the Khara’i tribe entered the land of Khorasan as the vanguard of the conquest of Iran. In the events after the weakness of the Abbasids, the Khaza’i clan supported the Tahir al-Aymani in supporting the Tahir al-Aymani. Khazaei deployed his forces in the area of ​​activity of this government (current regions of Khorasan – Kerman – Yazd – Sistan and Nimroz province of Afghanistan). It should be noted that after the defeat of the Taherians by Yaqub Saffari, the expansion of the Arabs in the form of Saffariyya military forces in Fars province also increased.

It is worth mentioning that during the rule of the Umayyads and the Abbasids, the Khaza’i tribe was one of the enemies of these governments due to their interest in the Ahl al-Bayt.

 Inainlu tribe

It is one of the five tribes of Khamseh. This tribe came to Iran from Turkestan in the 13th century AD and settled in Persia. When Shah Abbas I formed the Shahsoon tribe, part of the Inainlu tribe joined this new tribe.

Baharloo tribe

They are a branch of Shamloo tribes that had seven tribes and were left out of the war of Amir Timur Khalas and Shah Ismail by Seyyed Sadr al-Din. In the past, this tribe traveled and traveled. Their summer place was in Beiza and Ramjard and their winter place was in Darab city.

Since the language of all of them is Turkish, their origin must be from the Turkestan tribes that came to Iran during the reign of the Seljuk and Mongol rulers and stopped in Persia. As a tribe from the Turkic tribes of Kharazm plain is called Baharloo until now, the winter solstice of this desert tribe of God wanted Larestan and the location of Darab was the summer of those areas of Ramjard, Marvdasht and Kamin.

Basri tribe

Khamseh is one of the five tribes of the Basri tribe. This tribe has been bordering and neighboring since the time of the former Arab Bailey, and the ruler of the Basri tribe of the Arab tribe is both the same.

Nafard tribe

The Nafard tribe lives in the Gross region. The head of this tribe was during the reign of Nader Shah Afshar Haj Hussein Khan, and since he was an influential person and had a special reputation in the time of the sultans, the name of this tribe is derived from his name. The Nafar tribe is one of the five tribes that form the Khamseh tribes.

Spoken language of Khamseh nomads:

The dialect of the Arab tribes in Fars province is Arabic, which over time, due to socializing with Persian residents, many Persian words have found their way into it, and after passing from Hernsley to another generation, its eloquence has decreased and gradually faded. What has preserved the Arabic dialect and the main framework of the Khamseh Arabic language is the Arabic verbs because the nouns have changed over time, but the verbs have remained intact and many words and dialects are used in comparison with the Arabic language of the Arab countries.

Khamseh nomadic culture

Although the busyness of machine life these days has infiltrated nomadic life and machine migration has given way to the traditional migration of previous years, but traces of traditional and tribal life can still be seen among the nomadic tribes of Khamseh that show the depth of culture and traditional life of nomads in this climate. .

Cultural features of Khamseh nomads are undoubtedly one of the most important tourist attractions of this province in attracting various Iranian and foreign tourists, including customs, music and handicrafts.

Fars, which is the ancient cradle of cultural customs and rituals of Iran, is a place for nomads and nomads to live and go to the summer and winter of the tribes. Throughout history, Persian nomads have been the founders of the rich culture in the land of Persia, and part of the culture of the tribes is reflected in their way of life.


The manifestation of the wants and needs of a tribe or a people can be seen practically in the music of that people. The music of a tribe, like everything else, has a special color and shape, and as simple as it is, it is beautiful and charming. Although this music has not been able to get rid of the grief and sorrow, but in many songs, especially dance and ballad songs, it has completely retained its long-standing vivacity.

Reed, instrument and drum are instruments that have a special place in the music of Khamseh and Qashqai tribes and some of them are usually used in happy rituals and even in mourning.

Nomadic clothes

The local clothes of Persian nomadic men and women also have special attractions and its fame has spread to distant lands and today it has become one of the most important cultural attractions.


 The handicraft products of Persian nomads are also world famous. Among the Persian nomads, carpet weaving is still the most beautiful handicraft, which is a mixture of work, effort and art that is woven by the hardworking hands of nomadic women.

Gabbeh weaving, like carpet weaving, is one of the nomadic weaves. Gabbeh is a manifestation of the beauty of the freshness and happiness of nomadic life, which, like the colored shirts of the women of the tribe, contains a wave of happy colors of nature.

The structure of the Khamseh tribe

Household: A group that lives under a tent and spends more time together and eats at the same table.

Bonco: A multi-family complex called Bonco.

family : A collection of several Bonco called family.

 Tribe: A collection of several clans called tribe.

Eil: A collection of several tribes called Eil.

yeylagh (summer solstice) is a place where spring and summer nomads live

Gheshlagh (winter solstice) is a place where autumn and winter nomads live

Fars province is located in the south of Iran and is bordered by Isfahan province in the north and Hormozgan province in the south, Kerman province in the east and Bushehr, Kilokiyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces in the west. Its area is 133,000 square kilometers and along the Zagros Mountains, it forms a mountainous and temperate region. It has interconnected mountains and impassable passes in the north and northwest and scattered mountains and fertile plains in the south and southeast. Satiety and tropics are divided, and the presence of rivers and springs in valleys and foothills has caused many greenery and natural meadows in various parts of Persia, which has attracted tribes and nomads in terms of livestock.

In this trip, we intend to accompany the Persian nomads. Get to know the people of these tribes. Travel with them to experience their beautiful life. Talk to them at night in the tent and enjoy their funny stories. Let’s try the special and delicious foods of these tribes. This trip is planned focusing on Khamseh and Qashqai tribes, along with historical and beautiful monuments of Iran.

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Tour Highlights

Travel to Tehran, awake city, noises, crowded and lovely

Visit Nasir Al-Molk Mosque (pink mosque) of Shiraz

Discover Persepolis and the tomb of Darius the Great

Visit nomad family in Bavanat

Visit Zeinolldin caravanserai

Visit nomad family in Chelgerd

Visit village of khouye

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Day 1

We will be glad to meet you at Imam Khomeini Airport and transfer you to the hotel. You will have time to rest and relax before Tehran-tour starts. First we go to visit Golestan Palace of Qajar dynasty that has been in use from 18th to 19th centuries. In building of this palace, Persian architecture is used with Iranian art decorations such as seven-glazed tile, geometric and plant designs that make everyone admire. Inside of the palace is designed with wonderful Persian and European art. Then we go for walk in bazaar. When you walk in bazaar you smell different spice. You can see a lot of tasty nuts. Get acquainted with handicrafts. We have lunch near bazaar. Today circulation will end by visit the National Museum of Iran. The design of the museum is such that you will familiar with the advent of early civilizations on the plateau of Iran such as Elmaite. You can see the magnificence and art of three great Iranian emperors including Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid. Getting acquainted with Seleucid art the inheritors of Alexander the Great. After visit the museum we will offer you drink best coffee behind the museum while you enjoyed landscape.

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Day 2

Today we have plan to visit Carpet Museum. Most valuable Iranian carpet from 9th (AH) century protected in the museum. Designs and accuracy in the weave of each carpet will make viewer admire. Then we go to visit Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, we have some rest in perfect coffee shop before we go to north of Tehran to visit Sa’ad Abad Complex was used by Reza Shah of the Pahlavi, and his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, in the 1979 Revolution, the complex became a museum. We have lunch in in a traditional restaurant at Darakeh. In afternoon fly to Shiraz.

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Day 3

At 8 am we are ready to see Nasir al-Mulk Mosque (pink Mosque). In this mosque, colored glasses are used, which double beauty of the mosque in morning sunshine. Narenjestan e Ghavam the seconded place we go to visit. You can see special painting on woods (Mrjvk). Then we go to visit holy shrine of Shah Cheragh. Shiraz is considered by Shia Muslims to be the three most sacred city in Iran after Mashhad and Qom. We have lunch near Zandieh complex are contains mosque, Bathroom and bazaar in afternoon we will visit them.

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Day 4
In nomad family in Bavanat

Early morning 7.30 we are ready to visit Persepolis, Necropolis. The next place we will visit is Pasargadae which was capital of the Achaemenid Empire. By writing cannot described the glory of these places. We continue to Bavanat

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Day 5
In nomad family in Bavanat

Bavanat has natural attractions, waterfalls; vegetation of the city mountains, natural resorts, unique wildlife, many springs, vineyards and walnut orchards, the presence of very old trees in the city has made this place for nomadic summer. Today we are going to see the beautiful areas of Bavanat and the nomads and enjoy the beautiful nature of Bavanat.

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Day 6
Zeinolldin caravanserai

We live Kerman to Zeinoddin Caravansera which made at Safavid dynasty with nice design. We have dinner in friendly atmosphere and we relax and we watch starry night of the desert.

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Day 7

Today we go to visit Mehriz and sasanid kasel which have uniq architacht related. We found the peopel on that time how to lived in desert. The next place we go to visit is Zoroastrians Dakhmeh. Zoroasrtrians put their corpse in dakhmeh and let birds eat them. By this work soil not getting dirty. The nexct place we go is Jame Mosque which related to mongolian dynacty.
8- This day we will visit water museum, Fahadan neighborhood, Alexander’s Prison, bazaar, Zoroastrian Towers of Silence, Fire Temple and Amir Chakhmaq Complex that each of them is unique. We have drink coffee in perfect coffee shop and eat lunch in traditional restaurant during the day.

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Day 8

This day we will visit water museum, Fahadan neighborhood, Alexander’s Prison, bazaar, Zoroastrian Towers of Silence, Fire Temple and Amir Chakhmaq Complex that each of them is unique. We have drink coffee in perfect coffee shop and eat lunch in traditional restaurant during the day.

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Day 9

Today after breakfast we leave Isfahan to Yazd during the way we stop in Nain to visit Jameh Mosque.

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Day 10

Today our tour starts with the Naqsh-e-Jahan square which is second biggest square in the world. Sheikh Lotfollah and Imam Mosques, and Aliqapu Palace three place was built with order of Shah Abbas the Great. By writing cannot describe the glory of Naqsh-e-Jahan square. After we visit and waking in bazaar we have perfect coffee in nice coffee shop. Before lunch we go to visit Chehel Sutoon which the beautiful image of this palace will remain in the mind for a long time. In the afternoon we going to walk near Zayanderud River and see three old bridges.

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Day 11

Jameh Mosque is the first place to visit in morning. Architects believe this site like a tube of time. During the time by order of kings many Structure added to the main mosque with wonderful design. Next we will visit Vank Cathedral. The cathedral was established in 1606, dedicated to the hundreds of thousands of Armenian deportees that were resettled by Shah Abbas I. Then we go for lunch out of town in nice restaurant which has beautiful landscape.

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Day 12
In nomad family Chelgerd

This morning, we left Isfahan with a very good memory and went to the historical and stepped village of Sar Agha Seyyed. This village is built in such a way that the roof of one house is the life of another house. Beautiful Zagros is always the place of love of Bakhtiari nomads who live in this village along the migration route. In this village, we also go to see the village salt mine. Then we will continue to Chelgerd and visit Koohrang the biggest spring in Iran.

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Day 13
In nomad family khouye

We live Chelgerd with nice memory and we go to amazing mountain village called Khouye. We have nice day in this village. In this village, there are beautiful orchards and amazing old houses that create unique landscapes with the surrounding mountains.

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Day 14

In the morning we drive to Tehran. Our friends leave Iran with beautiful memories

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  • Invitation letter for Iranian visa
  • 9 nights of accommodation in 3*, 4*, 5* hotels
  • 4 nights with nomad family
  • 14 days of guided tours with a licensed tour guide
  • 14 days of private transport
  • 14 Lunch & Dinner
  • All entrance fees
  • All airport transfers


  • Visa Fee
  • Visa Extension
  • All Tipping
  • Intl airfare
  • Extra Activities

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Discovering Khamseh and Bakhtiari nomads