Saadabad Palace


Saadabad Palace in Tehran is one of the most beautiful, largest, greenest and most attractive tourist attractions in Iran. All the capitals of the world are proud to have their royal palaces, and many tourists visit the palaces to see the royal palaces and the lifestyles of the kings of each country.

Saadabad Palace of Tehran is located at the foot of Alborz Mountain and is one of the greenest and most pleasant areas of Tehran, that is bounded by Darband and the mountain slopes from the north, Velenjak of Tehran from the west, Tajrish from the south and Tajrish from the east. Golabdereh overlooks and the Jafarabad River flows through Saadabad Palace, that shows the beautiful water flow in the palace. Perhaps it can be said that Saadabad Palace is similar to a park because it is the best space for walking in Tehran and it is one of the large amusement gardens and it takes hours to walk in eight hundred thousand square meters of Saadabad Palace space, ie area Saadabad Palace is 80 hectares

Saadabad Palace has 18 palaces, including: 1- Ahmad Shahi Palace 2- Shahvand Palace or Green Palace 3- White Palace or Mellat Palace (Museum of Art of Nations downstairs) 4- Black or White Palace (Museum of Fine Arts) 5- Shams Palace (Museum Royal clothing) 6- Ashraf Palace (Museum of Royal Tableware) 7- Gholamreza Palace (Museum of Court Weapons) 8- Shahram son of Ashraf (Military Museum) 9- Karbas Palace or the old palace of Crown Prince Reza Pahlavi (Museum of Behzad) 10-Palace Farahnaz and Alireza Pahlavi (Mir Emad Calligraphy Museum) 11- Leila Palace and the palaces that are in the possession of the Presidential Institution and cannot be visited and used, including: 12-Private palace 13-Queen Mother Palace or the building of the Republic 14-Ahmad Reza Palace 15 -Farideh Diba Palace 16-Reza Pahlavi New Palace and also two palaces are used as administrative buildings of the palace, including: 17-Bahman Pahlavi Palace, son of Gholamreza 18-Abdolreza Palace

1- The Green Palace or Shahvand Palace was built in Saadabad Palace by the order of Reza Shah and in the highest part of Saadabad Palace in the northwest of the palace and near Ahmad Shahi Palace and became known as the Green Palace because of its rare green marble building. It is used and the mortar between the stones is made of lead so that the building does not break due to shrinkage and expansion due to cold and heat. Khorasan marble with European patterns and motifs was used in the construction of the entrance and entrance columns and finally the construction of the Green Palace took 7 years. The two-story palace whose architect is Mirza Jafar Kashi and the atmosphere of Reza Shah’s birthplace in Alasht, Mazandaran It evokes among the trees and green space. The green palace is on one surface floor and one basement. A 70-meter Mashhad carpet has been spread on the floor, that is a masterpiece of carpet weaving by Abdul Mohammad Amvaoghli. Plastering, mirror work, gilding and inlay work have been used in the palace. Reza Shah did not sleep in the bed and slept on the floor, so in the bedroom. He is not a bed. The table is the hall and the sculptures and sofas of the French palace

2. Mellat Palace or White Palace or White Palace in Saadabad Palace, that is the largest palace in the complex with 5000 square meters of infrastructure on two floors, built between 1310 and 1315 by Reza Shah, map of Khorsandi and Boris Palace of Russia There have been masters such as Pahlavan, Sheikhan, Kashi, and Angels who have left stunning plaster casts in their memory. Mellat Palace was the summer residence of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi and this palace was used for administrative affairs.

3- The Royal Clothing Museum located in Shams Saadabad Palace was built by Reza Shah in 1314 with Iranian-European architecture on a land of 2600 meters, that is the residence of Shams Pahlavi and is now the place where the royal clothes from the Qajar to Pahlavi period are kept.

    4- Mir Emad Calligraphy Museum is located in Farahnaz and Alireza Pahlavi Palace. The palace building belongs to the Qajar and Pahlavi period, which was considered for the calligraphy museum in 1995. Mir Emad Hassani Qazvini is one of the best calligraphers in Iran in the era. It was Safavid and that is why it has been named a museum for the preservation of calligraphy after Mir Emad Qazvini. In this two-story Qajar-Pahlavi palace, lines from pre-Islamic and Islamic times, hobbies and manuscripts are separated. We also see Elamite, Pahlavi, Sassanid and Avestan cuneiform inscriptions. The works of Kufic calligraphy, third, copy, taqiyya, basil and rak’ah can be seen in the Museum of Calligraphy.

  5 – The museum of Master Hossein Behzad is located in Karbas Palace or the old palace of Crown Prince Reza Pahlavi. Karbas Palace is a Qajar building that was the residence of Reza Shah for some time and for some time the residence of Reza Pahlavi, son of Mohammad Reza Shah, in 1373, the location of this palace was considered for the museum of Master Behzad. The museum is in 5 halls and hosts works such as Ivan Madain, Ferdowsi and the heroes of Shahnameh, Ibn Sina on the patient’s bed, the love of Master Hossein Behzad. Professor Hossein Behzad was born in 1273 in Isfahan and died in 1347. He followed the miniature works of Reza Abbasi Kashani and his paintings became world famous.

    6- The Museum of Court Weapons is located in Gholamreza Palace, that was allocated in 2011 for the storage of court weapons. Qajar pistols, old shotguns, various types of metal gunpowder, court weapons from well-known weapons factories such as Remington, Winchester, Springfield, Brno, etc. are available in this museum.

   7- The Royal Kitchen Museum is located in the Royal Kitchen building of Saadabad Palace and in the center of the palace and next to the Jafarabad River. The area of ​​this kitchen is 800 meters and it is known as a special kitchen. In 1975, all kitchen equipment was modernized by a German company. And acquired the latest technology in the world. Food was prepared and cooked for the royal family in this kitchen, that is now a museum.

8-  The Omidvar Brothers Museum, located in the Qajar carriage and Surchian building, is one of the most attractive museums located in Saadabad Palace. In the past, it was used to rest carriages, and in 2003, the Omidvar Brothers Museum was opened in this place. Isa and Abdullah Omidvar traveled to 99 countries from 1333 to 1343 for 10 years and spent 7 years on a motorcycle and 3 years in a Citroen car. They published an introduction to world cultures and civilizations and how people live in their travelogue. The Brothers of Hope became popular and global figures, and their photos, videos, and travelogues were published in the world press.

   9- The Art Museum is located in the basement of the Nation Palace, that was originally used as a greenhouse and became a private museum of Farah Pahlavi from 1340 to 1345. Foreign artists such as Renard Buffet (France), Herbert Bayer (Austria), Fernand Lejeune (France), McAvoy (USA), Marc Chagall (France), etc. are on display.

10- The Museum of Fine Arts is located in the Black or White Palace. Black stone is used in the facade of the palace and that is why the palace is named in black. The Black Palace has three floors and on each floor there is a part of the Museum of Fine Arts that has been active since 1985. The first floor of the Museum of Fine Arts is full of works by European artists of the last 400 years, as well as works by Safavid to Qajar painters. On the second floor are paintings by kings and officials, the most important of that is a painting by Fath Ali Shah Qajar.

     11- Master Farshchian Museum is located in Esmat Al-Muluk Dolatshahi House, that is of course a Qajar building and is the residence of Reza Shah’s fourth wife, then the residence of Mohammad Reza Shah’s brother and finally the residence of the court chef in front of the royal kitchen. 2001 was activated as a museum for the works of Master Farshchian. Mahmoud Farshchian has an Iranian miniature style. A student of Issa Khan Bahadori from Kamal-ol-Molk’s masters and gaining experience in Europe and America, he became a master of miniature style and now his works can be seen in Saadabad Palace Carpet Museum.

    12- The water museum is located in the mansion of Commander Kasraian. The main building of the building is 200 meters left from the Pahlavi era and the tools and models of water exploitation and distribution in Iran are displayed in this museum.

     13-  Saadabad Museum of Royal Albums and Historical Documents is located in the Imperial Guard building of Saadabad Palace. This building was built in the Pahlavi period to guard Saadabad Palace. Arrivals and presence of different personalities in Saadabad Palace and various activities in this palace, in this museum, you will get acquainted with photo albums, documents, documents and films from the Pahlavi era in this palace.

14- The Royal Tableware Museum is located in Ashraf Palace, that was built by Reza Shah Pahlavi in ​​1318 for Ashraf, the twin sister of Mohammad Reza Shah. The interior of Ashraf Palace is decorated by French designers with wood and fabric, and the exterior is made of marble. It has been decorated. In 2009, the Royal Tableware Museum was activated with 500 pieces of satellite dishes from famous factories such as Sur and Limoges of France, Bavaria and Rosenthal of Germany.

15- Saadabad Palace Royal Car Museum in Tehran started working in 2012 by collecting and displaying cars of the Pahlavi era in one of the greenhouses of Saadabad Palace. One of the most important cars of this museum is the car of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, which is a Mercedes-Benz 600 with a body and bulletproof glass, hydraulic and sunroof height adjustment system and weighs 6 tons. Also, Mercedes-Benz SL 300 Queen Farah Diba is one of the rare cars. This is a museum. Three Rolls-Royce vehicles and several other vehicles are also visible

16- The military museum located in Shahram Palace is the son of Ashraf. This palace with an area of ​​3000 square meters was built by Reza Shah in 1317 for Taj Al-Muluk, the mother of Mohammad Reza Shah, but in 1352, after reconstruction, it was given to Shahram, son of Ashraf Pahlavi. Military Museum in 1340 by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi in The officer’s college was established by collecting military weapons and military gifts from the Qajar period onwards, as well as army insignia, etc., and after the revolution in 1983, it was moved to Saadabad Palace.

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