Jameh Mosque of Yazd

Jameh Mosque

Yazd Jameh Mosque is in the style of a porch in the heart of the desert and has been built for about 100 years and three periods. The main foundations of the mosque are considered by the Sassanids and the current building of the mosque, in terms of architectural style, belongs to two periods called Azeri. The construction of the dome of the house belongs to the patriarchal period and the head of the mosque belongs to the time of Shahrokh and the Timurid period. This building is famous for its dome, high and tall entrance, as well as beautiful and unique tiling.

The architectural style of this building is Azeri

The Jameh Mosque of Yazd is one of the historical masterpieces of Iran, and in every corner of it, relics from different eras are left. The history and construction of the Grand Mosque dates back to pre-Islamic times and its completion dates back to the last decade. This mosque is one of the most beautiful mosques of the Timurid period, which is one of the most beautiful architectural masterpieces of the ninth century AH in terms of tiling, high porch, minarets and inscriptions. The height of the minarets is 52 meters and although the main building of the mosque is attributed to before the Timurid period, but the current building according to existing inscriptions shows that it was built in the Timurid period. The inscriptions of the mosque are one in Kufic brick script and the other in white thirds script on azure tiles. In the text of Sardar inscription, the name of Shahrokh Teymouri and Sultan Jahanshah and the date 861 AH is mentioned. In pre-Islamic times, a Sassanid fire temple was probably erected on the site of the current Grand Mosque, which lasted until the post-Islamic era. The current building of the mosque with an area of ​​about 10,000 square meters, including the entrance and front porch, large courtyard, side porches, porch, dome and naves on its side, large columned nave, library, rich and beautiful decorations and inscriptions and historical and other inscriptions. It is historical. Orientalist Maxim Siro believes that the first mosque to be built instead of a fire temple, called the Old Mosque, dates back to the early centuries of Islam.

The oldest date mentioned for religious-Islamic activities in a part of the current space of Yazd Grand Mosque belongs to the second lunar half. The construction of the Grand Mosque is also related to the second half of the third lunar century, during the reign of Amr al-Laith and in the era of the Saffarids or before Seljuk, a mosque that had a deviation from the qibla in the drawing of Maxim Siro. In the fourth lunar century, the Yazd Grand Mosque was located on the outskirts of the city, which was actually built next to the Zoroastrian fire temple.

Jameh mosque is important for several reasons: First, it is the oldest example of architecture that has been imitated in the religious architecture of Yazd region during the ninth century AH; The design consists of a domed mausoleum and a long, elongated rectangular nave. The rectangular plan of the mosque is derived from the architectural pattern of the Kaaba. It has a completely sacred and transcendent structure in Islam and is used as a cosmic symbol in Muslim architectural patterns. The dome has two shells, and the inner covering of the dome, which is formed in accordance with the spatial and executive requirements of the interior architecture of the mosque, creates conditions that are different from the outer covering, which is formed in accordance with the external requirements. Another important feature of the building is the widespread use of national arches in the naves, which is accompanied by mosaic tiles. Another noteworthy point in the building of Yazd Grand Mosque is the issue of creating indirect lighting by reflecting light from the white plaster of the dome and walls. Also, the decorations inside and outside the dome, the exterior-interior view of the main porch and its beautiful altar, which are considered as important parts of the mosque, are extremely valuable and interesting. How the mosque was formed: The current mosque is built on the site of three mosques that have been built next to each other for centuries. These three eventually became a single large mosque during the Qajar period.

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