Glassware and Ceramic Museum of Iran (Abgineh Museum)

Glassware and Ceramic Museum

Glassware and Ceramic Museum of Iran (Abgineh Museum) is located in Tehran, Jomhory St., 30 Tir St. The Museum of Glass and Pottery of Iran is a specialized museum of glass and pottery. This building, which is located in a garden with an area of ​​7,000 square meters, is built on two floors and 5 halls. Halls one and two are on the first floor and the other halls are on the upper floor.

Architecture of the Glassware and Ceramic Museum of Iran (Abgineh Museum):

The glass museum building itself can be spectacular for those interested. This complex was the house and work place of the Sultanate until 1330, after which it was given to the Egyptian embassy for seven years. After that, the embassy of Afghanistan, Bank of Commerce, respectively, and in 1976, with the cooperation of Iranian and Austrian engineers, its changes began. Exquisite and well-preserved designs of doors and windows are reminiscent of Seljuk architecture.

Although this house is made with a combination of Iranian and European architecture and its stairs are designed in the Russian style, but in its place, the art of Iranian masters can be seen, in the inlays of doors and stairs, in the plastering of the ceilings. And the columns and mirrors that have given this house a completely Iranian atmosphere. After the revolution in 1989, sections with religious themes were added to the mirror work of the second floor.

One of the most prominent features of the interior design of the Glass Museum is the unique design of the showcases and the innovative ideas used by the Austrian designer Houlin. Showcases that are sometimes inspired by the columns of Persepolis, sometimes inspired by the Thatcher Palace of Darius the Achaemenid and sometimes inspired by the Kaaba of Zoroaster in Naghsh-e Rostam and are unique in their kind. The decorations of the building include inlaid door frames and stairs and facade bricks which are in 50 types.

History of the Glassware and Ceramic Museum of Iran (Abgineh Museum)

Ghavam al-Saltanah, in the late Qajar period and when he was the prime minister of Ahmad Shah, ordered a house to be built for him in one of the best parts of Tehran. During the Qajar period and twice during the Pahlavi era, he became the Prime Minister, was elected Minister of Interior 14 times, was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs 4 times, and in addition, was Minister of Finance 4 times, Minister of War 2 times and one Bar was the Minister of Justice.

The oldest glass in this museum is a glass tube called a glass cylinder, which was discovered from the Choghaznabil temple and belongs to the second millennium BC. The glass and pottery of the first floor also belong to the prehistoric period, which is the oldest hand-made pottery from the Parthian period. The oyster hall is so called because of its resemblance to a semi-open oyster and includes a variety of pottery from the third and fourth centuries of Neishabour.

The fourth hall is called Zarrin, which is so named because of the Zarrinfam utensils left over from the Seljuk period, and includes utensils that are decorated with Naskh and Nastaliq lines all around. Mongolian figures also appear on these vessels, whose motifs vary according to the city of origin.

Hall Five, called Azure, is named after its turquoise glazes, and dates from the seventh and eighth centuries.

As we approach the Safavid era, things become more consumed. The decorations of this section include sprinkler and frankly. Also, a table left from the Qajar period with seven-color glaze and decorated with the role of the characters of Shahnameh, the name of each person is written on the face.

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